A Thin Wall
A THIN WALL is a documentary about memory, history and the possibility of reconciliation. It focuses on the Partition of India in 1947, but derives lessons that remain urgently relevant today. Shot on both sides of the border, in India and Pakistan, A THIN WALL is a personal take on Partition rooted in stories passed down from one generation to another. It is written and directed by Mara Ahmed and co-produced by Surbhi Dewan. Both filmmakers are descendants of families torn apart by Partition. The film is also a work of art infused with original animation, music and literary writing.
‘Mara Ahmed’s A THIN WALL is akin to a beautiful and powerful book of essays: many voices sharing poetic, personal, and political stories and viewpoints, woven together to convey a universal aching. It is a textural and tangible journey that captures a profound sense of loss for more than one generation. May we all embrace the lessons this film has to offer.’ (Linda Moroney, Director, Greentopia Film)
“Surbhi and I both grew up with stories of Partition. Maybe they inspired our interest in displacement and our need to bridge cultural and geographic distances. Our families made the same terrifying voyage in 1947, but in opposite directions. We feel that Partition’s shadow still looms large in the subcontinent. It shaped the relationship between the two newly independent states of Pakistan and India. There is a need to revisit those stories in order to move beyond them. There is also a need to preserve and document this historical event, in the intimate voices of those who lived through it. “
(Mara Ahmed, Director and Producer, March 8, 2011)
A Collaborative Project
This documentary is produced by filmmakers Mara Ahmed and Surbhi Dewan. Both are descendants of families torn apart by partition – one ended up in India, the other in Pakistan.
Surbhi and I met in 2008, at a film screening in Rochester, NY. As soon as we identified ourselves as South Asian, we began to talk about the partition of India. Surbhi’s family is from Lyallpur (now in Pakistan) and they moved to New Delhi, India, in 1947. My mother’s family is from Gurgaon (India) and they immigrated to Pakistan after partition. We both grew up with the same legacy of loss and displacement yet our perspectives were slightly different. Was partition a straightforward tragedy that should never have happened or was it a protective measure for a minority that would have been oppressed inside of united India? Was the entire concept of partition problematic or just its incompetent execution? We felt that we were meant to make a film together, a film that would be able to contain all these contradictions, a film shot on both sides of the border.
I knew that for me, my mother’s story would form the core of the film. She has vivid memories of partition, even though she was only 5 years old. Rather than being bitter or angry, she is naturally drawn to people from India – she feels a strange closeness to them. Perhaps there is a need to reconnect with something that was lost. I wanted to explore this seeming discrepancy. Surbhi interviewed her aunts and grandparent… See more
Professor Vazira Zamindar calls partition the “wound within, the mother of many millions of individual identity crises that seem never to go away.”
The Subcontinent had always been a deeply diverse, multi-religious, multi-cultural society. The decision to partition was taken by a narrow elite. The British were in a hurry to leave. Nehru and Jinnah were both ambiguous about the consequences of partition. A democratic decision taken by people living on the ground, might have been very different. As Dr. Zamindar says: “People learn to live together in ways that governments don’t.”
About the Film
When the British Empire left the Indian Subcontinent in 1947, their colony, the jewel in the imperial crown, was partitioned into a “Muslim” Pakistan and a “Hindu” India. Partition was a traumatic event of historical proportions. As caravans of people immigrated across randomly drawn borders, one million were killed in the ensuing violence, this within the space of a few months, while 10-12 million were displaced.
What happened in India can be used to understand conflict zones around the world. It reminds us that struggles for equal access to resources and political power are often portrayed as intractable religio-cultural conflicts or a “clash of civilizations.” With the advent of globalization and the increase in hyperconnectivity, it’s more important than ever to explore seemingly antithetical political movements and develop a more profound understanding of what they’re rooted in. We want to emphasize the necessity of intercultural communication and the ability to co-exist over divisive narratives of national homogeneity.
For people closer to the wound of the Indian partition, or other experiences of violence and dislocation, this film will not only archive first-hand accounts of that event but also stitch together memories of pre-partition India in order to contextualize how and why things changed in 1947. There has been no truth and reconciliation, no official acknowledgement of what happened and where we need to go from… See more
Film’s Artistic Treatment
A THIN WALL has been shot in three different countries, on two continents. We’ve captured some beautiful footage in Lahore and Delhi to give audiences a sense of place and culture. This documentary is filled with art: stunning painterly animation by Moscow-based artist and animator Gayane Bagdasaryan, the powerful words of British poet John Siddique and Pakistani writer Uzma Aslam Khan, original music by Brooklyn-based folk musician Sunny Zaman and piano performances by Ruth Demaree Peck. It also includes the minutely detailed and vivid paintings of world-renowned Pakistani artist and humanitarian Jimmy Engineer, who is famous for his almost Homeric Partition Series. Our team is diverse and intercontinental, a fact which underscores our belief in the universality of this film and the themes of coexistence which it highlights.
Rather than use archival footage and black and white photographs which continue to preserve the story of partition as a monochromatic historical episode, we chose to use artwork, poetry and music to re-create a bygone era in the lush colors of the present. Since we are interested in memory, dreamlike visual sequences and stream of consciousness explorations of the past are important stylistic elements of the film.
- Read Manto’s seminal short story about the partition of India, Toba Tek Singh, which encapsulates the horror and confusion of India’s partition in 1947. Translated from Urdu by Khushwant Singh.
- Khushwant Singh, Train To Pakistan, 1956.
- Bapsi Sidhwa, Ice-Candy-Man by Bapsi Sidhwa, 1988.
- Urvashi Bultali, The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India by Urvashi Butali, 2000.
- Stephen Alter, Amritsar to Lahore: A Journey Across the India-Pakistan Border, 2000.
- Urvashi Butalia, Partition and Memory, 2001.
- Ashis Nandy, The Death of an Empire, 2002.
- Vinay Lal, Partitioned Selves, Partitioned Pasts: A Commentary on Ashis Nandy’s “Death of an Empire”, 2002.
- Lucien W. Pye, The Partitions of Memory: The Afterlife of the Division of India; Communal Rage in Secular India, 2003.
- William Gould, A review of The Long Partition and the Making of Modern South Asia: Refugees, Boundaries, Histories by Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar, 2007.
- Columbia University Press, Interview with Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar, 2007.
- Radio Open Source with Christopher Lydon, India-Pakistan: Vazira Zamindar on the raw wound of Partition, 2011.
- Radio Open Source with Christopher Lydon, Ayesha Jalal: Pakistan’s Revenge of the 40s, then the 80s, 2011.
- Film Garm Hava (Scorching Winds): 1973 Indian film about partition, directed by M. S. Sathyu, based on an unpublished short story by Ismat Chughtai, and adapted for the screen by Kaifi Azmi.
LIST OF ALTERNATIVE MEDIA
The concentration of corporate media ownership in the US, has made it more important than ever to consult alternative, non-mainstream media in order to be well-informed about what’s going on in America and the world. For a comprehensive list of thought-provoking alternative media, please click here.
Written and Directed by
Raj V. Rajan
C. Padmanabh Kamath
Director of Photography in India
Director of Photography in Pakistan
Rochester, New York
Ruth Demaree Peck
Line Producer In India
Painted Tree Pictures
Line Producer in Pakistan
Voice-Over Script and Narration
In Order of Appearance
Naseema Aslam Khan
Original Texts by
Jatinder Nath Sethi
Uzma Aslam Khan
Aanand Parthasarathi (narrating Jatinder Nath Sethi)
Uzma Aslam Khan
Rafique Ahmed Qureshi
Janani Parthasarathi (narrating Urvashi Butalia)
Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar
Department of History
Department of Political Science and International Relations
Rochester, New York
Narendra Nath Sethi
Original Paintings and Sketches
The Partition Series by Jimmy Engineer
Post Production Services
Fairport, New York
Audio Post Production
West Rush Productions
Rush, New York
Neelum Films Logo
Nancy Ghertner Productions
Ruth and Russell Peck
Nirupama and Rahul Laroia
Deanna and Jim Tiefenthal
Saira and Shamoun Murtza
Medha and Gyanesh Kudaisya
Shobha and Gaurav Bhatnagar